Personal Safety


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
EmergenciesHandles emergency situations following the organization's protocols   
First AidDescribes the basic rules and procedures of First Aid, Medical Services and CPRDemonstrates the basic rules and procedures of first aidIdentifies missing supplies and training needsOptional certification in CPR
Identifies use of suppliesUses proper supplies and procedures
Bloodborne PathogensAvoids and protects self against bloodborne pathogensExecutes program procedure when exposure occursShares information on BP proceduresEnsures compliance with BP program
Follows the organization's required protocol for bloodborne pathogens (BP) when an exposure occursExplains  the organization's BP program and policies
Fitness for DutyDescribes the basic fitness for duty rules including fatigue, attire, preparation, drugs and alcoholExplains the value of individual and group wellnessEvaluates or supervises the fitness for duty of othersEnsures compliance with Fitness for Duty requirements
Good Health & Injury PreventionDescribes the basic work safe procedures for lifting, climbing and walkingPractices basic work safe proceduresDefines Ergonomics as it relates to the workplaceSupervises health and injury prevention programs and activities
Lives and maintains a healthy lifestyle
Risk ManagementLists situations, materials, and equipment requiring special training, handling, or safety proceduresPerforms and documents safety inspectionsInvestigates and collects data and evidence from accidents, crashes and incidentsPrepares safety plans and accident prevention training programs
Alert to work environment, movement and potential hazardsConducts safety audits
Asks questions related to personal safetyPerforms operations reviews and risk analyses
Conducts safety meetings Reminds and motivates others
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)Identifies required/assigned PPEDemonstrates knowledge on when to clean or replace PPEApplies applicable OSHA PPE Regulations, including 29 CFR 1910132 and 1926101-103, 23 CFR 635108, and MUTCD 6D03 & 6E02Ensures compliance with PPE regulations
Understands need for worker visibilityProvides input to appropriate level/class of PPE
Describes and assesses the proper function of PPE 

Workplace Safety - General Industry


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Confined Space (General and Construction)Applies the OSHA confined space safety regulations for the entrant levelApplies the OSHA confined space safety regulations for the entrant and attendant levelsApplies the OSHA confined space safety regulations for the entrant, attendant and supervisory levelsDocuments conformity with the OSHA Confined Space Regulation 29 CFR 1910146 Permit and Compliance Requirements
Electrical SafetyRecognizes basic electrical hazards associated with surface, buried and overhead lines and connectionsPerforms electrical hazard inspectionsPrepares electrical hazard inspection checklistsRecommends improvements in electrical procedures, equipment or safety
Reviews or supervises inspections
Emergency ProceduresDescribes emergency response rules including location of kill switches, first aid and wash stationsDemonstrates emergency response notification rules including ,fire, egress and public protectionPerforms accident and incident investigationsPrepares and applies incident management program
Trains others on emergency proceduresEnsures personnel have proper training on emergency procedures and the incident management program
Hazardous Materials (HazMat)Describes differnces between hazardous/ non-hazardous chemicals and waste.  Properly handles chemicals and Hazmats (functionally specific)Applies OSHA safety regulations for hazardous materialsEnsures compliance with OSHA Hazmat regulations, including 49 CFR Subpart H
Work Site Safety AwarenessIdentifies potential security risks and safety conflicts with surrounding equipment, traffic and other workers within assigned work siteDemonstrates assigned work site safe work habits and communicates warnings to fellow workersProvides safe work site verbal and written instructions and advice to assigned workersIncorporates safe work site safety instructions into SOP's and provides adequate training and equipment
Identifies tasks requiring specific safety trainingFollows the organization's reporting processes for accidentsReports all accidents within the specified time periodReviews incidents and recommends improvements
Demonstrates responsibility for maintaining a safe work environmentFamiliar with applicable rules and regulationsAssists in assessing accidents
Practices safe work habits; follows all safety rules and regulationsMaintains a safe working environment for employees
Identifies and eliminates hazards
Encourages ideas to improve workplace safety
SecurityRecognizes and reports security concernsFollows proper procedures and reports security concernsEnsures communication and resolution of security concernsEnsures personnel have proper training and awareness to address security concerns
Corrects security concerns within the limits of training and responsibility
General Industry Training Requirements (OSHA)Additional skills and training required OSHA as applicable: Powered Platforms, Man Lifts and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platforms; Occupational Health & Environmental Control; General Environmental Controls; Medical Services and First Aid; Fire Protection; Materials Handling & Storage; Machinery & machine Guarding; Welding, Cutting, and Brazing; Guarding Manholes; Tree trimming See by 29 CFR Part 1910


Construction Safety


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Steel Fabrication & ErectionIdentifies hazardous operations associated with steel fabrication and erectionDemonstrates safe steel fabrication and erection welding, cutting and brazing proceduresPerforms safety inspections to ensure safe steel fabrication and erection operations 
Trenching & Shoring SafetyIdentifies equipment and stability situations affecting trench safetyDescribes OSHA Shoring RegulationsApplies OSHA Shoring RegulationsEnsures compliance with OSHA trenching and shoring regulations
Fall ProtectionRecognizes people or equipment at riskApplies the basic fall protection proceduresApplies the OSHA Regulations for fall protectionManages improvements to general procedures and equipment to minimize risk
Hand & Power ToolsDescribes basic safe equipment operation procedures for hand tools (e.g., chain saws, electric drills)Demonstrates safe use of hand tools and larger equipmentSupervises or trains in proper use and safetySupervises or manages tools safety
Moving VehiclesRecognizes and alert to risks near moving vehicles, equipment, traffic and other workers within and adjacent to assigned work siteDemonstrates safe work habits, alertness, and movementsProvides safe movement verbal and written instructions and advice to assigned workersStandardizes safe work site movement instructions into SOP's
Explains blind spot diagrams
Maintains personal visibility, alertness, and communicationCommunicates warnings to fellow workers Provides adequate training and equipment
Looks and sounds appropriate warnings prior to moving vehicles or equipmentUnderstands blind spot diagrams for various vehicle types
Equipment Access/EgressUses appropriate access/egress pointsExplains importance of safe access/egress practicesFor maintenance activities, develops site-specific access/egress plansRecommends access/egress policy improvements
Enters and exits traffic safelyIdentifies potential access/egress issuesMakes case for additional measures needed to provide safe access/egress (e.g., accel/decel lanes, DMS warnings, design changes)Approves based on field-level recommendations/revisions
Ensures compliance with access/egress policies
Construction Industry Training RequirementsAdditional skills and training required, as applicable, in Signs, Signals & Barricades; Welding & Cutting; Electrical; Scaffolding; Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors; Motor Vehicles, Mechanized Equipment & Marine Operations; Excavations; Concrete & Masonry; Underground Construction etc; Demolition; Blasting & Explosives; Power Transmission & Distribution; Stairways & Ladders; and Toxic & Hazardous Substances. See 29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1926.

Vehicles & Heavy Equipment


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
OperationSafely executes mandatory maneuvers and basic usesProficient and consistently safe with equipmentLong term use of equipment with positive productivity and exemplarity safety recordAssists or leads training of others
Identifies limitations and hazards of equipment
Commercial VehiclesMeets minimum requirements and licensing to operate assigned equipment Ensures others meet minimum requirements to operate equipment 
Holds proper license and endorsements for driving duties required
Identifies traffic regulations specific to vehicle operation (driving)
Defensive DrivingUses proper driving skillsLists fundamental defensive driving principles (e.g. Smith System, SIPDE)Recognizes and identifies improper defensive driving proceduresEnsures proper driving operation by others through supervision and evaluation
Obeys all applicable traffic regulations
Motorized EquipmentConducts equipment operation, daily inspection, safety and preventive maintenance proceduresDirects and guides operators on the proper reporting, documentation and maintenance of assigned equipmentEstablishes direction and guidance on the proper reporting, documentation and maintenance of assigned equipmentImplements fleet optimization and life cycle management
Specific EquipmentThese skills are required for each vehicle and type of heavy equipment operated, and may also vary according to manufacturer, model, etc. and other

Work Zone Operations


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Flagging OperationsPerforms flagging and Pilot Car operation, including proper location of flagging station, communications with second flagger, and providing minimal public informationSupervises flagging/ Pilot Car operationEnsures compliance with applicable regulations and contract requirements for flagging/ Pilot Car operationInstructs flagging/ Pilot Car operation
Safely stops, holds, and releases traffic
Holds flagging certification, if required
Construction – Understands proper flagging/pilot car operation and identifies improper operation
Lane Closure TypesDifferentiates between different closure types (stationary, mobile, moving types) and separation types (positive, guidance)Explains concepts behind different closure types.Explains advantages/ disadvantages and safety considerations of each type of closureAudits lane closures
Explains implantation of different closure types.
Defines short term, rural, 2 lane/ 2 way lane closuresDefines long term, rural, multilane closuresExplains urban lane closures (with intersections)
Lane Closure & SeparationDescribes devices and usesInstalls tapers, lateral clearance, transition taperCalculates tapers, lateral clearance, and transition taper and specifies/verifies   types of devices to useAnalyzes costs and benefits of using different types of devices
Identifies different types of channelizing devicesSelects/Inspects  devices) based on project design requirements
Understands clear zones and buffer space
Understands what project TTC plan requires
Temporary Traffic Control (TTC) InspectionsInspects devices for conformance to specificationsInspects Temporary Traffic Control installation for compliance with Traffic Control PlanDocuments compliance and identifies potential problems, recommends solutionsMonitors inspections and compliance and resolves site-specific issues
Temporary Traffic Control Plan (TCP)Interprets basic TC plansInterprets more complex TC plansExplains TTC design conceptsReferences basics of geometric design
Trains in proper TTC practicesImplements solutions to issues/conflicts in the contract language or TCP
Recognizes symbols for devices on TCPDescribes installation procedures for complex TCPsExplains legal liability
 Explains clear zone and buffer space concepts and identifies problems 
Interprets distances and orientation Suggests changes and minor adjustments
Describes installation procedures for basic devicesInterprets contract documents and resolve conflicts
Installs and maintains TTC according to TTC plan
Understands importance of clear zones and buffer space
Audits work zones
Ensures clear zone and buffer space are open
Construction Traffic (On-Site)Safely parks and merges personal and construction vehiclesImplements and troubleshoots on-site traffic controlsPlans and designs on-site traffic flow and controlsEnsures adequate on-site traffic control and safety
Explains importance of safe access/egressMakes case for additional measures needed to provide safe access/egress (e.g., accel/decel lanes, DMS warnings, design changes)
Internal Traffic Control Plans (ITCPs)Understands the concept of an ITCPImplements and ensures compliance with site ITCP requirementsDevelops site ITCPEstablishes policy on ITCPs
Nighttime TTCSelects proper PPE attireInspects and maintains retroreflectivity of signs and markingsIdentifies important differences and considerations between day and night operationsExplains trade-offs and estimates costs and benefits associated with night operations
Inspects lighting to ensure adequacy for work and minimal adverse effects to trafficEnsures crew members are provided with and using proper reflective equipment.
Complex ApplicationsBasic awareness safety issues related to rail grade crossing, and complex intersectionsAwareness of safety and right of way issuesAwareness of safety, right of way and liability issuesRecognizes and designs TTC for atypical and complex applications
Work Zone ITSAwareness of system purpose, components, and general operationOversees operation of system and identifies any issuesImplements/oversees implementation of systemDevelops solutions to issues with system operation
Determines adjustments to system components (parameters, algorithms, device locations, messages)Coordinates operation with permanent TMC
Coordinates with public outreach partners
WZ Traffic Incident Management (TIM)Is aware of TIM proceduresDirects implementation of TIM procedures, as neededCoordinates with TIM partners (police, fire, EMS, towing)Establishes relationships with TIM partners 
Oversees TIM procedure effectiveness 
Work Zone Traffic ControlSee Maintenance Disciplines: Short Term Traffic Control, Long Term Traffic Control, Flagging Operations
OtherAdditional skills as required if not addressed above, in: WZ Fundamentals, Traffic Control Zones, Typical Applications, Mobile Operations, Special Situations, ITS and Supplemental Devices, Impact Attenuators, Work Zone Worker Safety, Inspection, and other skills as may be required by: 23 CFR Part 6301010(d), and 635108
Reference: MUTCD (   

Work Zone Devices


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Temporary Traffic Control (TTC) DevicesProperly identifies, erects and maintains signs, arrow boards, channelizing devices (cones, tubular marker, drums), sign supports and warning lightsRecognizes and corrects displaced, damaged, malfunctioning or incorrectly installed devicesSpecifies/Approves  appropriate devices as needed to implement or adjust the traffic control planRecommends improved devices and manages quality, inventory and maintenance
Installation, Placement & RemovalInstalls devices and tools in proper location, as directedDirects proper installation of safety devices as plannedPlans use of appropriate safety devicesAnalyzes risk and benefits of alternative approved devices in specific applications
Identifies devices and tools
Safely removes and stores devices and tools in proper sequence
Temporary BarrierRecognizes different types of barriersDirects proper installation of barrier as plannedDescribes characteristics of different types of barriersSets policies on the use of barrier and maintenance of roadside safety devices during work zones
Erects and maintains barrier properly (e.g., pinning/anchoring, tapering, end treatments)Recognizes and corrects damaged devicesLists factors affecting barrier selection and effectivenessApplies the requirements of 23 CFR 630 Subpart K to construction and/ or maintenance operations
Identifies flawed installations
Temporary Pavement Markings & DelineatorsIdentifies and selects specified materials and required equipmentDemonstrates knowledge on how and when to repair or replace pavement marking applicationInterprets TCP to identify quantity and placement of temporary markingsTroubleshoots TCP for markings issues
Installs pavement markers, markings and delineatorsDirects removal of non-applicable pavement markings
Removes non-applicable pavement markings
Raised Pavement MarkersInstalls raised pavement markers (RPM's)Maintains RPM'sDemonstrates knowledge on how and when to repair or replace RPM'sSpecifies, manages RPM's
Static Warning SignsUnderstands proper color usage/ covering of signs/ sign relocationDirects sign installation and maintenanceDescribes usage of sheeting materialsSpecifies proper advanced warning signs and placement, identifies need for additional warning signs throughout work zone
Installs static signsExplains basic signing principleExplains breakaway and other mounting concepts
Inspects and maintains signs
Variable Message SignsCorrectly places and activates portable changeable message signs (PCMS)Cleans, inspects, and maintains PCMS matricesDesigns acceptable messages for 1-3 phase PCMSSelects use of PCMS and supervises proper programming
Identifies unacceptable abbreviations and untimely messagesSpecifies proper placement
Traffic Sensors/DetectorsInstalls sensor/detector unitsDirects the installation of unitsIdentifies existing unit locationsSpecifies and manages traffic sensor/detector systems
Recognizes when units have become inoperableReports inoperable unitsDetermines if additional units are needed to monitor traffic during construction
Impact AttenuatorsInstalls attenuatorsMaintains attenuatorsTroubleshoots attenuatorsSpecifies, manages attenuators
OtherSee following Safety Subjects: Traffic Control Devices, Markings, Signs, and Signals

Work Zone Design and Management Mobility


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Work Zone Impacts AssessmentRecognizes that work zones can have an affect on smooth traffic operations.Understands what work zone impacts are and why they need to be managedUnderstands concept of significant projectsProvides input to policies on acceptable work zone impacts
Aware of whether a project was designated as significantProvides feedback on which strategies best manage work zone impacts
Knows what expected work zone impacts are for the projectCoordinates with planning/programming, design, and traffic about work zone considerations
Provides feedback on how well expected work zone impacts matched what occurred in the field
Transportation Management Plan (TMP)Aware of Transportation Management PlanInforms others about the TMPImplements TMP, including detours, alternate route improvements, signal timing adjustments, demand management programs, TIM procedures, and traveler information signsProvides Input to TMP, including feasibility and monitoring
Responsible PersonUnderstands general role of responsible personDescribes the role of the responsible personProvides input to required training for responsible personsSets requirements (e.g., training, certification) for responsible persons
Knows who has been designated responsible person for both the DOT and contractorReports concerns to the responsible personServes as responsible person at the work zone
Work Zone Design and Maintenance of Traffic (MOT) policiesIs aware of established policiesUnderstands and describes policiesEnsures policies are implementedProvides input to policies for implementing applicable regulations and policies, including Subparts J and K, MUTCD (e.g., overall work zone policy, work zone speed limits, use of barrier, use of enforcement)
Provides input to policies based on field observations
Speed ManagementIs aware of established policiesUnderstands and describes policies for speed limits and use of enforcementCoordinates with law enforcement personnelProvides input to policies for work zone speed limits and use of enforcement
Implements reduced speed limits, when directedDirects implementation of policies on projectsResolves issues/conflicts with implementation
Monitors implementation of policiesManages automated enforcement program, if established
WZ Intelligent Transportation System (ITS)Awareness of ITS availability, purpose, components, and general operationProvides input to use and design of ITS for a projectDetermines use and type of ITS for a projectProvides input to policy for use and procurement of ITS in work zones
Conducts procurementAssists in procurement of systems
Helps determine system components (parameters, algorithms, device locations, messages)
Performance MonitoringInstalls data collectorsPerforms real time data collection on traffic volume and speedAnalyzes real time data and assesses performancePerforms mobility audit of work zone
Summarizes traffic data and impactsCoordinates with traffic mgmt personnelDetermines adjustments to improve performance
Observes/ reports anecdotal traffic volume and speed informationMakes WZTC adjustments as needed to address safety and mobility issuesRecommends contingency plans tied to specific impacts and thresholds
Maintains and troubleshoots data collectorsImplements contingency plansRecommends changes to standard policies and design specs based on performance
Public RelationsProvides minimal information to public in polite and articulate mannerExplains more complex situations in polite and articulate mannerUnderstand the components of public communications and outreach programsConducts analyses and provides supporting material to PR executives for projects
Work Zone Process ReviewsProvides field observations, if requestedGathers field observation data, sensor data, crash reports, and any after-action reports relevant to traffic flow or TMP implementationParticipates in process review teamLeads process review team
Aware of quality improvement process requirementsAssists with data synthesis for process review
OtherAs skills as required in: Community Impacts, Costs, WZ Objectives, Enforcement Role, Incident management, Accommodating pedestrians and bicycles, Environmental Safety, Decision Support Tools, WZ Administration, Legal Considerations, Other Safety Considerations, Best Practices, Human factors, WZ Crashes, Evaluation of TCP/TMP, Design & Operations, Commercial Vehicles, and other skills as may be required by 23 CFR Part 630 Subpart J, and MUTCD Part VI

Traffic Control Devices


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
TCD FundamentalsDescribes TCD fundamentals, including purpose and basic principlesApplies basic principles of TCDs: principles, types, colors, standardization, classification, functions, legal authority, liabilityApplies TCD fundamentals to specific problemsTroubleshoots unique situations using fundamental and specific signing principles
References MUTCD
Visibility & RetroreflectivityExplains the basic principles of visibility and retroreflectivityInspects TCD's for visibility and retroreflectivityInterprets standardsEstablishes visibility policies
Performs maintenance as needed to maintain visibility of TCD'sIdentifies and reports problem TCD's and PPEImplements inspection and replacement policiesDevelops visibility programs
OtherApplies to subject areas: Work Zone Devices, Signs, Signals, Pavement Markings



DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Basic Sign PrinciplesExplains basic principles of signs, types, colorsExplains sign fundamentals in terms of standardization, classification, functions, legal authority, liabilityApplies sign fundamentals to specific problemsTroubleshoots unique situations using fundamental and specific signing principles
Sign Panel FabricationAssembles signs (wood, aluminum, polycarbonate, sheeting, storage, rehabilitation, design templates, software, shapes, colors, dimensions, symbols, word messages, lettering, borders)Fabricates signsDesigns signs with use of standards, templates, and software; references "Standard Highway Signs"Designs unique signs without templates based on guidelines, standards, and principles
Cuts and assembles materialsSpecifies materials
Identifies signs that require rehabilitation
Roadside Sign InstallationProperly identifies, transports, and handles: signs, supports, mounting tools; and hardware for ground mounted postsInstalls appropriate breakaway supportsLocation, placement, lateral clearance, height, support typeManages installation program
Familiar with installation and use of signs for TTC and related TTC skillsSchedules installations, selects supports and structures
Familiar with use of utility poles
Overhead Sign StructuresIdentifies, transports, and sub-assembles overhead tubes, structures, panels, supports, hardware and tools, with supervision or provides assistancePerforms overhead installationSpecifies materials and schedules installationsAnalyzes or estimates costs and benefits of overhead signs
Describes appropriate safety precautionsSpecifies effective structures and placement
Familiar with weights, size, wind loads, and strengths
Object MarkersIdentifies hardware and toolsRecognizes appropriate type and placement of markersSpecifies number, type, and placement of object markers requiredIdentifies relative costs and benefits associated with markers
Installs object markers, small warning signs, mileposts, raised pavement markers and reflectorsIdentifies worn or missing markersIdentifies candidate locations for improved markings
Sign MaintenanceCorrects worn, missing, vandalized, or obscured signs with repairs, cleaning, and vegetation controlRecognizes and reports worn, missing, obscured, and non-standard signsRecognizes situations requiring change in signingManages maintenance program
Plans correctionsRecommends and supervises maintenance
Sign VisibilityRemoves or trims vegetation from signs maintain visibilityInspects signs for visibility and retroreflectivityInterprets standardsEstablishes visibility policies
Removes graffitiIdentifies and reports problem signsImplements sign inspection and replacement policiesDevelops sign visibility and retroreflectivity programs
Sign ManagementIdentifies components, conditions, and locationEnsures sign inventory information is completeSupervises sign inventory management systemsDevelops and implements sign inventory management systems



DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Basic Principles of Pavement MarkingsIdentifies basic principles of markings, markers, types, colors, standardization, widths, patterns, longitudinal and transverse markings, and curb markings based on MUTCDExplains marking fundamentalsApplies marking fundamentals to specific problems; references MUTCDTroubleshoots unique situations using fundamental and specific marking principles
Traffic Control Plans (Permanent)Interprets basic TC plansInterprets more complex TC plansPerforms basic design of TC PlansPerforms advanced design of TC Plans
Identifies equipment and materials indicated by plans
Marking MaterialsIdentifies PM materials (paint, thermoplastic, epoxy, polyurethane, tape, markers)Describes differences and properties of PM materialsSelects, orders, and specifies materials and volumes per agency guidelinesAnalyzes costs and safety benefits of alternative materials
Handles PM materials
Marking EquipmentSafely selects, inspects, starts and preventively maintains equipmentSafely and proficiently operates PM installation equipmentTroubleshoots and repairs PM equipmentSelects and purchases cost-effective installation equipment
Recommends equipment needs
Markings InstallationIdentifies specified materials, tools, and equipmentPlaces materials according to plan, weather and temperatureTroubleshoots difficult installationsRecommends corrective action
Installs materials
Maintains existing markings
Pavement MarkersIdentifies and installs raised pavement markers (RPM), in-roadway lightingDemonstrates knowledge on how and when to repair or replace in-road markersSpecifies materials, location and placement of in-road markersDescribes costs and benefits of in road markers
in-road markers
Marking Maintenance & InspectionRecognizes worn, dull, or missing markingsMaintains, repairs and replaces markingsSpecifies and schedules maintenanceManages marking maintenance program
Marking Visibility & RetroreflectivityDescribes importance of nighttime visibilityConducts nighttime inspection of markings and assesses visibility by agency standardsSupervises nighttime inspections and helps interpret standardsSpecifies visibility policy and thresholds
Recognizes worn and poorly reflective markingsInterprets and applies standards
Marking ManagementIdentifies worn, dull, or missing markingsCollects field data upon requestDescribes use of field data and markings management system, if applicableImplements or manages pavement
Recommends markings in need of replacement or maintenance



DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Signal BasicsLists basic components of signal systemsExplains fundamentals, purpose, warrants, phases, options, MUTCD requirements, componentsApplies fundamentals to specific problemsApplies fundamental and specific knowledge to unique situations
Signal ComponentsIdentifies components and options: house, faces, lenses, detectors, cabinetMaintains and recommends basic componentsSpecifies components, approves components prior to installationApproves use of new components
Signal Controllers & Cabinet (Wire-up)Identifies electromechanical parts, solid-state components, switches, microprocessors, wire types and diagrams, conduit, coatings and boxInstalls and maintains controllersTroubleshoots, repairs, and supervises installation of controllersDesigns controllers and recommends changes
Performs preventive maintenance of controller
Signal EquipmentMaintains and repairs existing equipmentInstalls cabinet, controller, masts, spans and signal headsSupervises and troubleshoots equipment installationSpecifies signal equipment
Selects appropriate tools and components for existing signal
Signal DesignIdentifies types, mounting, locationsSuggests type, mounting and locationSpecifies type and location Approves specifications
Signal Timing & OptimizationIdentifies and reports malfunctionsIdentifies and reports timing / cycle failureImplements timing studiesCalculates signal timing based on signal system, specific data and standards
Resets controller to default timingRecommends timing evaluationSuggests signal phases and timing
Sets timing as directedCorrects timing as set
Signal SystemsUnderstands functions of detectors, preventive maintenance, systems, signal preemptionRestores interaction and coordination of signal systems when interruptedOperates signals system; suggests changes to systemOversees traffic signal systems
Other Signals & BeaconsIdentifies differences among hazards, intersections, signal pre-emption, ramp meters, railroad crossingsDescribes and repairs other signals and beaconsRecommends use and changes to other signals and beaconsSpecifies use of signals and beacons
Installs components and wiring
Other Signals SkillsOther skills as needed or to be incorporated above: Warrants, priority control, pedestrian signals, intervals, lenses, faces, display and design, mounting, controller installation, location, software, signal interconnectics

Traffic Operations Systems and Devices


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Electronic TCD'sInstalls beacons, changeable message signs and illuminated signsMaintains electronic TCDsTroubleshoots electronic TCDsSpecifies use and components of electronic TCDs
Illuminated SignsLists fundamentals and installs illuminated signsSupervision installation, maintenance and repair of illuminated signsTroubleshoots and suggests appropriate locations and componentsConducts cost-benefit analyses and recommends use
LightingIdentifies and assembles hardware: footing, poles, brackets, luminaries, high mast equipment, pull-boxSupervises installation and repairsManages installation & maintenance program References Highway Lighting HandbookDesigns lighting systems
Describes purpose, use, location, power, voltage, fixtures, luminance, hardware and effect of/on environmentConducts C/B analyses
Placement, location, troubleshootingRecommends changes in equipment
Maintenance of Electronic DevicesMaintains and troubleshoots electronic devices directedInspects devices and recognizes worn, damaged, obscured, faded, misplaced and malfunctioning devicesSupervises device maintenance personnelManages maintenance program for electronic TCDs and other devices
Familiar with local and national Electronic Safety CodesImplements proactive preventive maintenance programs
Electrical PowerRecognizes power requirements of electronic devicesMaintains power and backup equipmentRefer to qualifications for Electricians
Familiar with local and National Electrical Safety Codes
Traffic OperationsDescribes agency role in traffic operationsRecognizes need for agency intervention in traffic operationsDeploys operations adjustmentsRecommends traffic operations and management strategies
Traffic DetectionInstalls traffic detection equipment, including speed, signal actuators, approaching traffic and weigh in motion devicesInspects and troubleshoots detection equipmentDescribes and recommends equipmentAnalyzes costs and benefits of detection and recommends detectors
Traffic Incident ManagementUnderstands Roles & Responsibilities, Principles of TTCCorrectly selects and places TTC devices and personnel for EmergenciesAssists with traffic management center operationsCoordinates TIM activities with other agency personnel and with other partners (police, fire, EMS, towing)
Understands PPE and apparel requirements
Places vehicle safely when near incidents (crashes, special events, unscheduled work areas)Articulates differences from planned work zonesTrains personnel in TIM proceduresSets TIM policies
Certified flagger
Intelligent Transportation SystemsRefer to ITS Architecture and Professional Capacity Building Program (

Roadway Safety Appurtenances


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
End TreatmentsInstalls and maintains end treatmentsRecognizes outdated end treatmentsSelects appropriate end treatmentsEstimates effects of end treatments on crashes
Supervises installation and replacement
BarriersInstalls barriers, including crash cushionsMonitors and maintains barriers with little or no supervisionIdentifies and recommends objects requiring barriers or crash cushion, or attenuators 
Longitudinal BarriersInstalls and maintains longitudinal barriers, including guardrail, concrete barriers and mediansSupervises installationDescribes characteristics of different barriersSelects longitudinal barriers based on specific locations and characteristics
Recognizes improperly installed devicesLists factors affecting barrier selection and effectivenessIdentifies flawed installations
Bicycle FacilitiesInstalls markings for bike lanes and multi-use pathsRecognizes hazards to bicyclistsSpecifies markings and signage for bike lanes and multi-use paths 
Intersection ControlsInstalls traffic control signs, transverse stop bars, yield markings, stop ahead signs, crosswalk lines, signal ahead signs, lane control signs and markings and directional signsMaintains worn or missing signs and markings at intersectionsCorrects signal timingRecommends intersection safety countermeasures
Installs red-light running detection equipmentIdentifies intersection deficiencies
Pavement EdgeInstalls beveled edge on new pavements and existing pavements with significant edge dropsRecognizes significant edge dropsRecommends pavement edge improvementsManages pavement edge strategies
Pavement SafetyProperly installs paving materialsRecognizes pavement that may have poor friction characteristicsDescribes friction characteristics of paving materialsTests pavement friction and estimates effects on safety
Recommends paving materials considering friction and safety
Pedestrian FacilitiesApplies signs and markings for paths and crosswalksMaintains pedestrian signalsTimes and troubleshoots pedestrians signalsDevelops pedestrian signals plans
Installs pedestrian signalsRecommends improved pedestrian safety equipment
Railroad CrossingsInstalls and maintains active and passive TCDs and crossing surfacesInspects grade crossing traffic, devices, and surfacesInspects advanced grade crossing technologyRecommends roadway or equipment improvements for specific crossings
Roadway DelineationProperly installs roadway safety appurtenances and delineatorsIdentifies and reports poorly delineated segmentsRecommends improved delineation for specific road segmentsManages roadway delineation program
Recognizes the severity of lane and roadway departure crashes
Rumble StripsInstalls and maintains rumbles strips/stripesSupervises installationDetermines specificationsDevelops budget and policy for rumble stripping
Prioritizes segments for treatment
Speed ControlInstalls regulatory and advisory signs Recognizes benefits of comprehensive speed management approach 
Installs and activates Your Speed signs  

Safety Strategies


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Bicycle Traffic & SafetyIdentifies road, traffic and maintenance conditions that affect bicyclistsLists needs of bicyclists as roadway usersRecognizes opportunities to accommodate bikes during all project phasesArticulates the benefits of transportation systems accommodating bikes
Describes characteristics and roads and paths designed for bicyclistsDevelops and implements pedestrian & bike safety programs
Human FactorsRecognizes that human factors and limitations has a role in highway design, operations, and safety decisionsIdentifies human factors information that is needed for using roadwaysDescribes human factors information that is included in guidelines and standardsApplies human factors principles to resolve issues related to highway design, operations, and safety
IntersectionsDescribes need to balance needs of many users at intersectionsExplains general effects of geometric design and traffic control devices on unsignalized intersectionsIdentifies countermeasures for signalized and unsignalized intersectionsIdentifies and diagnoses intersections with poor crash experience or high potential
Recognizes intersection terms and issuesRecommends appropriate countermeasures
PavementKnows who to report pavement problems toIdentifies and reports pavement that may have poor friction characteristicsDescribes friction characteristics of paving materialsTests pavement friction and estimates effects on safety
Recommends paving materials considering friction and safety
Familiar with RSRAP
PedestriansLists characteristics of pedestrians and traffic affecting pedestriansIdentifies and reports pedestrian and traffic conflictsIdentifies sites for improvementDevelops and implements pedestrian & bike safety program
Railroad CrossingsIdentifies and reports risk at uncontrolled crossingsInspects grade crossing traffic, devices and surfacesDescribes alternatives and identifies associated hazardsIdentifies hazards and relative costs Optional: teaches or manages a grade crossing safety program
Road Safety AuditsDescribes role of RSAIdentifies minimum requirements for RSALeads or participates in RSAsImplements or supervises RSA program
Roadway DepartureRecognizes the severity of lane and roadway departure crashesIdentifies factors influencing road departure crashesIdentifies countermeasures for road departure crashesIdentifies road segments with high road departure crashes or potential
Selects proper materialsSelects NCHRP-350 approved devicesEvaluates and recommends appropriate countermeasures
Recognizes improperly installed devices
Speed ManagementDescribes general role of speed in highway safety and crashesIdentifies multiple factors influencing driver speedRecognizes a variety of approaches to speed managementDescribes or leads process for setting and maintaining appropriate speed limits
Describes decision sight distance and stopping sight distanceDescribes limitations of individual approachesCoordinates with law enforcement agencies

Other Safety Competencies


DisciplinesCompetencies by Skill Levels
Level ILevel IILevel IIILevel IV
Traffic EngineeringOther traffic skills as needed including operational analysis, level-of-service, capacity, traffic studies, assessment of alternatives, geometric design, countermeasures evaluation, etc or assists with these efforts as neededPrepares for certification as a Professonal Traffic Operations Engineer (PTOE)
Safety Training & EducationIdentifies training and competency sourcesCoordinates training needs and activitiesIdentifies training needsManages training programs
Works with partners to develop new trainingSpecifies assessment and credit issues
Articulates instructions systems design features 
 Determines certification requirements
Other Highway Safety DisciplinesAddition skills and training as needed in: aggressive driving, breakaway supports, context sensitive design, crash data statistics, highway safety fundamentals, crash worthiness, highway safety plans, Section 402 Program, Funding and Incentive Programs, MUTCD, NCHRP Reports 350 and 500, Older Drivers and Pedestrians, Red Light Running, Roadside Safety Design, Safety Management, Safety Conscious Planning, Traffic Calming, Utility Safety, Rural ITS, Software (Safety Analyst, PBCAT, RSRAP, Quick Zone, US Limits), Strategic Highway Safety Plan, Roundabouts, National Model, IHSDM, Rural Application of Left Turn Lanes, and Variables Speed Limits
Other Highway Safety CompetenciesFor additional safety competencies, safety professionals, and FHWA personnel, refer to the competency sets below: These competency sets are not yet coordinated with the TC3 Safety competencies
1 FHWA Field Safety Competencies
2 FHWA Headquarters Safety Competencies
3 FHWA Safety Professional Development Program (Safety PDP)
4 FHWA Technical Career Track (TCT) Competencies
5 NHTSA Safety Competencies
6 USDOT Draft Combined Safety Competencies
7 TRB Core Safety Competencies (Subcommittee on Highway Safety Workforce)
8 CDC Injury & Violence Prevention Core Competencies