This guide provides information to assist maintenance personnel in troubleshooting problems with chip seals. The guide, along with a related table on problems and solutions, addresses common problems encountered during the course of chip seal projects. The troubleshooting guide presented below associates common problems with their potential causes. One of the most common problems is flushing. Note that some specifications described in the following content may not be the same as the specifications followed by your agency. Always check with your state agency’s standards and specifications when using these guidelines.